May 9, 2023
- Veterinary Science
Multidrug-resistant bacteria: New report from Veterinary field, Osaka, Japan
Risk of cross-species transmission between humans and companion dogs and cats
Routes of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria transmission
Antimicrobial-resistant bacteria transmit not only among humans but also between humans, animals and environment. While livestock animals are considered reservoirs of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria, the role of companion animals in cross-species transmission remains unclear.
The emergence and global spread of antimicrobial resistant bacteria among companion animals (e.g., dogs and cats) pose a risk of the animals being reservoirs for cross-species transmission because of their close contact with humans.
In Japan, for the first time, a research team led by Associate Professor Mayo Yasugi from the Osaka Metropolitan University Graduate School of Veterinary Science discovered Escherichia coli resistant to both colistin and third-generation cephalosporin antibiotics in a companion dog. Outside Japan, both colistin and third-generation cephalosporin-resistant E. coli isolates have already been discovered in companion animals. However, the number of reports is still low, and knowledge of the trends and in-depth analysis of the bacteria is limited. Therefore, there are still many unknowns regarding the nature and host-to-host transmission of the bacteria.
This study investigated 678 bacterial strains isolated from 428 dogs and 74 cats with suspected infectious diseases that were presented to the Veterinary Medical Center, Osaka Metropolitan University. Researchers discovered two E. coli strains carrying both a mobile colistin-resistant mcr gene and a third-generation cephalosporin-resistant blaCTX gene. One of these strains isolated from a dog was found to be resistant to both colistin and third-generation cephalosporins.
According to Professor Yasugi, “From the perspective of ‘One Health’, studies on antimicrobial resistant bacteria should be performed among not only humans but also surrounding animals and environment. We hope to contribute to elucidate the role of companion animals in cross-species transmission of antimicrobial resistant bacteria.”
Their findings were published in Veterinary Microbiology.
This work was supported in part by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 20K10432 to M.Y. and T. S.
Journal: Veterinary Microbiology
Title: Genetic and phenotypic analyses of mcr-harboring extended-spectrum β-lactamase producing Escherichia coli isolates from companion dogs and cats in Japan
Author: Mayo Yasugi, Shingo Hatoya, Daisuke Motooka, Daisuke Kondo, Hideo Akiyoshi, Masayuki Horie, Shota Nakamura, and Terumasa Shimada
Publish: February 16, 2023
Graduate School of Veterinary Science
E-mail: shishimaru [at]omu.ac.jp
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