Research News

Dec 8, 2023

  • Medicine

Battle of the AIs in medical research: ChatGPT vs Elicit

Efforts to streamline the process of academic research collection in the medical field using generative AI

Researchers investigate the use of generative AI in academic research collection

Accuracy and efficiency levels differ depending on the AI used

Credit: Osaka Metropolitan University

Can AI save us from the arduous and time-consuming task of academic research collection? An international team of researchers investigated the credibility and efficiency of generative AI as an information-gathering tool in the medical field.

The research team, led by Professor Masaru Enomoto of the Graduate School of Medicine at Osaka Metropolitan University, fed identical clinical questions and literature selection criteria to two generative AIs; ChatGPT and Elicit. The results showed that while ChatGPT suggested fictitious articles, Elicit was efficient, suggesting multiple references within a few minutes with the same level of accuracy as the researchers.

“This research was conceived out of our experience with managing vast amounts of medical literature over long periods of time. Access to information using generative AI is still in its infancy, so we need to exercise caution as the current information is not accurate or up-to-date.” Said Dr. Enomoto. “However, ChatGPT and other generative AIs are constantly evolving and are expected to revolutionize the field of medical research in the future.”

Their findings were published in Hepatology Communications.


Cheng-Hao Tseng is on the speakers’ bureau for Roche. Yao-Chun Hsu consults, advises, is on the speakers’ bureau, and received grants from Gilead. He is on the speakers’ bureau and received grants from AbbVie, Bristol-Myers Squibb, and Roche. He advises Sysmex and is on the speakers’ bureau for MSD. Mindie Nguyen consults and received grants from Gilead, GlaxoSmithKline, and Exact Science. She consults for Intercept and Exelixis. She received grants from Pfizer, Enanta, AstraZeneca, Delfi, Innogen, Curve Bio, Vir, Healio, NCI, and Glycotest. The remaining authors have no conflicts to report.

Paper Information

Journal: Hepatology Communications
Title: Collaborating with AI in Literature Search – An Important Frontier
DOI: 10.1097/HC9.0000000000000336
Author: Masaru Enomoto, Cheng-Hao Tseng, Yao-Chun Hsu, Le Thi Thanh Thuy, Mindie H Nguyen
Published: December 7, 2023


Graduate School of Medicine
E-mail enomoto-m[at]

*Please change [at] to @.


  • SDGs03